Comparison of simple and complex liver intensity modulated radiotherapy
- Equal contributors
1 Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
2 Radiation Oncology Department, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
3 CRUK/MRC Gray Institute for Radiation Oncology and Biology, University of Oxford, Oxford Cancer Centre, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, UK
Radiation Oncology 2010, 5:115 doi:10.1186/1748-717X-5-115Published: 30 November 2010
Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) may allow improvement in plan quality for treatment of liver cancer, however increasing radiation modulation complexity can lead to increased uncertainties and requirements for quality assurance. This study assesses whether target coverage and normal tissue avoidance can be maintained in liver cancer intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) plans by systematically reducing the complexity of the delivered fluence.
An optimal baseline six fraction individualized IMRT plan for 27 patients with 45 liver cancers was developed which provided a median minimum dose to 0.5 cc of the planning target volume (PTV) of 38.3 Gy (range, 25.9-59.5 Gy), in 6 fractions, while maintaining liver toxicity risk <5% and maximum luminal gastrointestinal structure doses of 30 Gy. The number of segments was systematically reduced until normal tissue constraints were exceeded while maintaining equivalent dose coverage to 95% of PTV (PTVD95). Radiotherapy doses were compared between the plans.
Reduction in the number of segments was achieved for all 27 plans from a median of 48 segments (range 34-52) to 19 segments (range 6-30), without exceeding normal tissue dose objectives and maintaining equivalent PTVD95 and similar PTV Equivalent Uniform Dose (EUD(-20)) IMRT plans with fewer segments had significantly less monitor units (mean, 1892 reduced to 1695, p = 0.012), but also reduced dose conformity (mean, RTOG Conformity Index 1.42 increased to 1.53 p = 0.001).
Tumour coverage and normal tissue objectives were maintained with simplified liver IMRT, at the expense of reduced conformity.